Museum of the 4th National Congress of CCP
Location: North Sichuan Road Park, Hongkou District, Shanghai
Floor area: 5940 sqm
In 2011, with the commemoration of the 90th anniversary of the founding of the Communist Party of China, the idea of the construction of the museum of the 4th National Congress was put on the agenda. However, how to build a memorial hall in the absence of original scenes and real historical materials has become the core difficulty of the design. At the same time, the site that the Hongkou District Government can provide for the memorial is in the North Sichuan Road Park, which is about 300 meters east of the original site of the congress. One of the auxiliary buildings attached to the underground garage of the park can be used for renovation. Both the auxiliary building itself and the surrounding environment are not suitable for a public monumental.
If the scope of the project is limited to the memorial subject itself, the result would be a memory transposition that lacks substantive content, that is, to present a monumental space lack of proper appearance, lack of place and also, lack of perception. So after a period of exploration, the concept of the memorial museum gradually turned to focus on making the memorial itself a commemorative place.
A piece of recalled text became the main clue of the design. After restoring the content described in the text on the historical map, this historical map was superimposed on the plan of Sichuan North Road Park, and a situation similar to the text description was obtained. The new site plane was merged into the corresponding flower beds, paths, and landscape in the subsequent park renovation. The expected result is that when people enter the park to go to the memorial, they have been already experiencing the historical scene that the delegates once had.
The key consideration of the project is to expand the scope of the memorial museum. The way people approach the memorial and the surrounding environment presents an atmosphere that can evoke the commemorative meaning. That is, to reproduce the CCP’s 4th national congress in an abstract way. The historical environment is intended to provide visitors a with personal experience of this historical event. When they superimpose this kind of imagination and reconstruction scene and space, they can be integrated into the entire historical event, so the visit itself becomes a very memorable behavior, thus the memorial museum becomes a place for memorial experience. What is important here is not the authenticity of exhibits and buildings, but the conveyance of historical experience and meaning.